Daily Archives: July 8, 2010

Off the Bolt

Because my wife is an accomplished seamstress, I have spent more time in fabric stores around the world than I care to admit.  (Hm.  I guess I just did admit it.)  My role is to say things like, “yes, that is a beautiful pattern,” and to empty my wallet before exiting the store.

Frankly, my focus sometimes goes astray, and I find myself musing about things that aren’t essential to obtaining the perfect bolt of cloth.  For instance, in the grand scheme of things, it really doesn’t matter why a plush fabric that is designed to absorb water is called terrycloth.  I can’t help it, though — I stare at that stuff and think, “Who was Terry?  Why isn’t it eugene-cloth, or louise-cloth?”

It turns out that terrycloth is not named for its inventor as I had assumed, but no one is certain how it did get its name.  Webster’s Dictionary speculates that it may come from “terret”, a crossword-puzzle noun that is the name for those rings on a saddle or harness.

A more plausible explanation is that terry is derived from the French word tirer, which means to pull, or pull through.  That would apply to the little loops in terrycloth that appear to be pulled up from the fabric.  The first terrycloth was made in France in 1841 (out of silk!), but cotton terrycloth was first made in 1848 by an Englishman named Samuel Holt.  The introduction of terrycloth popularized towels, which in turn popularized bathing — until the availability of terrycloth towels, most people considered washing themselves to be more or less an annual event.

While obediently holding bolts of cloth my wife has taken off the shelves, I once wondered about the origin of the word denim.  It wasn’t until later that I learned it was a variety of serge that had started in Nimes, France; it was called serge de Nimes, but was shortened to… denim.

Since we’re on the subject, I took a brief detour to track down “blue jeans”.  One source says that the first denim trousers were made in Genoa, Italy.  The French word for Genoa is Gênes — hence, blue jeans.  Or if you prefer, bleu gênes.

The man whose name is almost synonymous with blue jeans, Levi Strauss, arrived in San Francisco in 1853 to run a branch of his family’s dry-goods business.  The prospectors who had poured into the area during the gold rush were looking for trousers that were more durable than their suit pants.  Strauss first made garments out of tent canvas, but those tended to make the wearer feel that his crotch was encased in sandpaper. 

When he substituted serge de Nimes, Levi’s were born, and before long, customers were flocking to… What?  Yes, dear, that is a beautiful pattern.  OK, I’ll just stack your bolts of fabric on the counter here and get out my credit card.